President – Legislative Powers – UPSC Notes

The powers enjoyed by the President of India can be classified as:
1. Executive Powers
2. Legislative Powers
3. Financial Powers
4. Judicial Powers
5. Diplomatic Powers
6. Military Powers
7. Emergency Powers

It becomes difficult for students to remember the powers of the President pointwise. Here I have made it easy for you to remember it pointwise. Here I am not telling you the shortcut way, short cut way works only for short duration. I’ll tell you the key word and present you in an organised way.

Now let us read and memorize the legislative powers of the President. Here I have a very interesting way to remember the legislative power. I am sure you will enjoy this method. Let us first have a very basic knowledge about it. Legistative powers means, law making power. We have Parliament (Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha). There are some ‘Members of Parliament’ called MP. They discuss the bills and make laws. There are also state legislatures (a parliament at state level) they also make laws for their states by introducing and discussing bills.

Now suppose you are the President of India. What is your legislative duties. Here I am going to tell you. It is like a sequential action.

  • You will call the meeting of the house, where all the members will come and discuss the bills.
  • You will address the house by your speech. And you can send your messages to the house.
  • You will appoint the members of Parliament. If there is no members, how the laws will be made. Yes, it is your duty to appoint them.
  • And Yes, it is also your duty to remove them.
  • Now, what is the role of parliament. To make laws. When Members of Parliament want to introduce bill in the parliament, they require your permission.
  • And when they discuss and pass the bill. At last your signature on the bill is necessary. So, the bill comes to you. And you have many choices with regard to this.
  • When State legislatives (Parliament at the state level) discuss and pass the bill. They require the sign of governor (your representative at the state level). But if governor sees any fault in the bill, he can reserve that bill for you.
  • When the parliament enjoys leave. Then it is your duty to make laws (Ordinance making power)
  • It is your duty to regulate some Union Territories.

Now let’s read, what is written in the constitution.

The President is an integral part of the Parliament. He is not a member of the Parliament but an integral part. Remember this point.

  • He can summon or prorogue the Parliament and dissolve the Lok Sabha. He can also summon a joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament, which is presided over by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
  • He can address the Parliament at the commencement of the first session after each general election and the first session of each year.
  • He can send messages to the Houses of Parliament, whether with respect to a bill pending in the Parliament or otherwise.
  • He can appoint any member of the Lok Sabha to preside over its proceedings when the offices of both the Speaker and Deputy Speaker fall vacant. Similarly, he can also appoint any member of the Rajya Sabha to preside over its proceedings when the offices of both the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman fall vacant.
  • He nominates 12 members of the Rajya Sabha from amongst person having special knowledge or practical experience in literature, science, art and social service.
  • He can nominate 02 members to the Lok Sabha from the Anglo-Indian Community.
  • He decides on questions as to disqualifications of members of the Parliament, in consultation with the Election Commission.
  • His prior recommendations is needed to introduce certain types of bills in the Parliament.
  • When a bill is sent to the President after it hs been passed by the Parliament, he can:
    (i) give his assent to the bill, or
    (ii) withhold his assent to the bill, or
    (iii) return the bill (if it is not a money bill) for rconsideration of the Parliament.
    However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament, with or without amendments, the President has to give his assesnt to the bill.
  • When a bill passed by the state legislature is reserved by the governor for consideration of the President, the President can:
    (i) give his assent to the bill, or
    (ii) withhold his assent to the bill, or
    (iii) direct the governor to return the bill (if it is not a money bill) for reconsideration of the state legislature. It should be noted here that is is not obligatory for the president to give his assent even it the bill is again passed y the state legislature and sent againt to him for his consideration.
  • He can promulgate ordinances when the Parliamant is not in session. These ordinances must be approved by the Parliament within six weeks from its reassembly. He can also withdraw an ordinance at any time.
  • He can make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. In the case of Puduchhery also, the Presidnet can legislate by making regulations but ony when the assembly is suspended or dissolved.

So, it becomes easy when you think yourself as the president. And it is your sequential duties.

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Executive Power of the President

Veto Power of the President