Students often find it difficult to remember the Sarkaria Commission Report. Although there were 247 recommendations of the commission. But we just have to remember 13 recommendations. Here I’ve sorted out the recommendations as for your convenience. But before reading the recommendations/ solutions of the commission. Let just have a look at the problems of the States, so that the recommendations can easily be understood.
Tension areas in centre-state relations
- Mode of appointment and dismissal of the Governor
- Discriminatory and partisan role of Governor
- The imposition of President’s rule for partisan interest
- Deployment of Central forces in the state to maintain law and order
- Reservation of state bills for the consideration of the president
- Discrimination in financial allocations to the states
- Role of Planning commission in approving the state projects
- Management of All India Services
- Appointment of enquiry commission against Chief Ministers
- Sharing of finances between centre and states
- Encroachment of Centre on the state list.
So, the problems should be known very well and deeply before finding and understanding the solutions/recommendations.
Recommendations of Sarkaria Commission
Recommendations of the Sarkaria Commission has been given here in an organised way. First are related to Legislation, then related to administration and finally related to financial. So that it becomes easy to understand. In administrative also, the first one is related to emergency, then three are related to the governor and then one is related to chief minister and then related to central forces. These were all the problems faced by states.
Related to Legislation
1. When the President withholds his assent to the state bills, the reason should be communicated with the states.
2. The state should be consulted by the centre before making any law on the subject of concurrent list.
Related to Administration
1. Article 356 (President’s Rule) should be used very sparingly in extreme cases as a last resort when all the available alternatives fail.
2. The Procedure for consulting chief minister in the appointment of the state Government should be prescribed in the constitutions itself.
3. The Governor’s term of five years in the state should not be disturbed except for some extremely compelling reasons.
4. The Governor cannot dismiss the council of minster so long it commands a majority in the assembly.
5. No enquiry commission should be set up against a State Minister unless demand is made by the Parliament.
6. The centre should have the power to deploy its armed forces, even without the consent of states. However, it is desirable that the states should be consulted.
7. A permanent inter-state council should be set up under Article 263.
8. The institution of All-India services should be further strengthened and some more such services should be created.
Related to Finance
1. The residuary powers of taxation should continue to remain with the Parliament, while the other residuary powers should be placed in the concurrent list.
2. The net proceeds of the corporation tax may be permissibly shareable with the states.
3. The present division of functions between the Finance Commission and Planning Commission is reasonable and should continue.
However, the Planning Commission has now be closed. NITI Aayog has been established in 2016 in place of Planning Commission. The work of NITI Aayog is totally different from that of the Planning Commission. So read about them carefully.
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